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Fact Sheet on Ghana
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Fact Sheet on Ghana
1
Official name
Republic of Ghana - formerly known as "the Gold Coast”.
2
Date of independence from Britain
March 6, 1957.
3
The Flag
Horizontal bands of red, gold and green, with a five pointed black star in the centre of the gold.
4
Geographical location
West Africa, between latitude 5 degrees , 36 minutes N; longitude 0 degree W , 10 minutes E.
5
Borders
South by the Atlantic Ocean, West by Cote d`Ivoire, North by Burkina Faso and East by Togo.
6
Climate
Tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. In most areas, the highest temperatures occur in March and the lowest in August
7
Area
238,537 sq. kms.
8
Number of regions
Ten (Western, Central, Greater Accra, Volta, Eastern, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Northern, Upper East, Upper West)
9
Capital
Accra (Accra Metropolitan population estimated at 2,070,463-Census 2010)
10
Other major cities
Kumasi, Tema, Tamale, Cape Coast and Sekondi/Takoradi.
11
Time
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). [(-) 5 ½ hours IST]
12
Population
24,658,823 (Male: 12,024,845; Female: 12,633,978)
Source: 2010 Census
13
Ethnic Groups
There are about 75 ethnic groups in Ghana: Akans – 47.5%, Mole-Dagbani – 16.6%, Ewe – 13.9%, and Ga-Adangbe – 7.4%.
Source: 2010 Census
14
Religion
Christianity: 71.2% (Catholics:13.1%, Protestant: 18.4%, Pentecostal/Charismatic: 28.3%, Other Christians: 11.4%); Islam (17.6%);  Traditional(5.2%); Others (6.1%).
Source: 2010 Census
15
Literacy rate
74.1% (Male: 80.2%, Female: 68.5%)
Source: 2010 Census
16
Life expectancy at birth
Male: 61.8 years; Female: 63.6 years
Source: UN 2010 Estimate
17
Official language
English. Major local dialects; Akan (or Twi), Ewe, Dagbani, Nzema and Ga/Adangbe. In all, there are about 60 different languages.
18
Form of State
Unitary Republic
19
Legal system
A new constitution, based on the US model, was approved by referendum in April 1992.
20
National legislature
Parliament; 275 members elected by universal suffrage every four years.
21
National elections
Held in December 2012 (Presidential and Parliamentary).
22
Head of State
President, elected by universal suffrage for a maximum of two four year terms; H.E. Mr. John Dramani Mahama of the National Democratic Congress was sworn in as President on 7 January 2013.
23
Name of Foreign/Finance/ Defence/Commerce Ministers
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration - Ms. Hannah Tetteh; Minister of Finance – Mr. Seth Tekpker; Minister of Defence – Mr. Mark Woyongo; Minister of Trade and Industry – Mr. Haruna Iddrisu.
24
Main political parties
National Democratic Congress - the ruling party; New Patriotic Party (NPP) - the main opposition party; other parties include the People`s National Convention (PNC) and the Convention People`s Party (CPP).
25
Currency
Ghana Cedi (Coins - Pesewas) Denominations - Notes: 1, 2,  5, 10, 20, 50; Coins: 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 pesewas & one Ghana Cedi
26
Exchange Rate
1 US$ = Ghana Cedi 2.10 (Sept. 2013)
27
Employment pattern
Agriculture 59%, Services 30 %, Industry 11%.
28
GDP current
US$ 40,687 million (2012)
29
Real GDP Growth
7.9% (2012)
30
GDP Share by Activity
Services: 50%, Industry: 27.3%, Agriculture: 22.7% (2012 est.)
31
Rate of Inflation
11.5% (Aug. 2013)
32
Total External debt
US$ 12.64 billion (2012- est.)
33
Gross reserves
US$ 5.705 billion (2012 - est.)
34
International airport
Kotoko International Airport, Accra
35
Major ports
Tema and Takoradi.
36
Roads/Railways
Roads 66,200 kms; Railways 1,300 kms. (2012)
37
Agricultural produce
Cocoa, Cassava, Maize, Coarse grains, Yam, Plantains, Pineapple, Forest produce, Coffee, Cotton, Live Stock, Fishery, Rubber.
38
Industries & Mining
Oil drilling, Oil Refinery, Textile, Cement, Aluminum, Steel, Cigarettes, Timber, Beverages, Flour; Mining: Gold, Diamonds, Bauxite, Manganese.
39
Principal exports
Oil, Gold, Cocoa, Bauxite, Manganese ore, Diamonds beans and products, Timber; bananas, pineapples, fish and agric products. Exports primarily to Netherlands, UK, France, US and Belgium.
40
Total exports (f.o.b.)
US$ 13.54 billion (2012)
41
Principal imports
Manufactured and intermediary goods, fuels, non-fuel primary products primarily from Nigeria, China, UK, France, USA and India.
42
Total imports (f.o.b.)
US$ 17.76 billion (2012)
43
Official Website Links
44
Central Bank
Bank of Ghana, Accra
45
Membership of International Organizations
Ghana is member of UN and its specialized agencies, IMF, World Bank, ICAO, IAEA, ECOWAS, NEPAD, African Union etc.
September, 2013

 

 

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